According to the National Standardization Committee and the National IoT Basic Standards Working Group, recently, after voting by 33 member states, the International Standards Organization ISO/IEC JTC1 has officially adopted the international standard for IoT reference architecture submitted by Chinese technical experts. project. This is the first top-level architectural standard led by China in the emerging hot technology field in the world, indicating that China has officially grasped the highest international voice in the hot emerging field of the Internet of Things.
At the macro level, new industrialization, informationization, urbanization, agricultural modernization, and the development of modern service industries will provide a broad market space for the rapid development of China's Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things refers to the use of communication technologies such as local networks or the Internet to connect sensors, controllers, machines, personnel, and objects in a new way to form a connection between people and things, objects and objects, and to realize informationization and remote management control. And intelligent network. The Internet of Things is an extension of the Internet. It includes all the resources on the Internet and the Internet. It is compatible with all Internet applications, but all elements of the Internet of Things (all devices, resources, communications, etc.) are personalized and privatized. Simply put, the Internet of Things is to realize the intelligent and remote control of goods (goods).
At the macro level, new industrialization, informationization, urbanization, agricultural modernization, and the development of modern service industries will provide a broad market space for the rapid development of China's Internet of Things. It is understood that the current market size of Internet of Things applications in transportation, logistics, environmental protection, health care, power grid, security and other fields is nearly 100 billion yuan.
According to Liu Haitao, dean of the Wuxi Institute of Internet of Things Industry and the chief scientist of the National 973 Internet of Things, the lead agency of the project, in recent years, the domestic Internet of Things industry is in full swing, and has been initially established in many fields such as public safety, transportation, environmental protection, medical care, and home. application. According to statistics, according to statistics, the scale of China's Internet of Things industry jumped from 170 billion yuan in 2009 to 365 billion yuan in 2012. In 2013, it exceeded 500 billion yuan, with a compound annual growth rate of nearly 30%. It is expected to reach 5 by 2020. One trillion yuan.
Internet of Things technology has a huge role in logistics management
However, China Internet of Things still has problems such as non-uniform standards and chaotic industrial division of labor. The formulation of international standards for IoT reference architecture will focus on China's existing practical experience and jointly with other countries to solve the unified standards of the Internet of Things. It is of great significance to promote the rapid and healthy development of China and the global Internet of Things industry.
Analysts pointed out that the Internet of Things will be widely used in smart logistics, mobile commerce, food traceability, smart home, smart city management, etc. These areas will drive IC cards, RFID tags, NFC smartphones, mobile POS machines, software platforms. And other related developments.
At present, the Internet of Things is experiencing rapid development in the world. Countries such as Europe, the United States, Japan, and Korea have promoted the Internet of Things as an important strategic emerging industry. However, there are still many factors hindering development behind the prosperity scene. The lack of core standards, especially the basic standards of the IoT reference architecture as the top-level design, is still in the blank. Based on the competition for the Internet of Things industry, the competition among countries for international standards is becoming increasingly hot.
China established the RFID industry alliance as early as November 2005, and released the "China Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology Policy White Paper" the following year, stating that the research and development of RFID core technology should be concentrated and the technical standards conforming to China's national conditions should be formulated. . It is understood that since 2009, China has integrated the Internet of Things into the national strategic emerging industries. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission and other ministries and commissions have set up special projects for research and development, industrialization and information security of the Internet of Things, involving more than 10 billion yuan of investment. The demonstration of Internet of Things applications will be the focus of this year's special subsidies, especially in the areas of geographic information, smart cities, transportation and other cross-application demonstrations.
Dr. Shen Jie, the head of the National IoT Basic Standards Working Group and ISO China technical expert, believes that the IoT reference architecture is a common abstraction of the different application system structures of the Internet of Things. China proposes to define and describe the Internet of Things. The large business function domain, the IoT concept model is designed, and the design scheme is given from three different perspectives: application system, network communication and information flow. Thanks to the huge market demand of the China Internet of Things and a large number of practical foundations, as well as the accumulation of relevant standards in the National IoT Basic Standards Working Group, this proposal has been recognized by most member states.
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